среда, 17. октобар 2012.

Dolphins stay awake 15 days 


DOLPHINS can stay awake for 15 days or more by shutting down half their brain at a time, scientists revealed yesterday.

The amazing trick allows the mammals to come to the surface when they need to breathe — and to stay vigilant for sharks.
Researchers kept two bottlenose dolphin — a male called Nay and a female called Say — hunting phantom “prey” over lengths of time that would have left other animals sleep deprived and exhausted.
The creatures, which find food by sonar, were bombarded with man-made echoes for five days at a time and found the targets with a success rate of up to 99 per cent. Say, who outperformed her male partner in San Diego, California, was then tested for 15 days and her performance hardly faltered.
Scans confirm dolphins are capable of “unihemispheric sleep” — snoozing with one side of the brain — while often keeping one eye open. Researcher Brian Branstetter said: “These majestic beasts are true unwavering sentinels of the sea.”

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